This Month in Photo of the Day: City Pictures
Kazimierz, the historical Jewish quarter of Krakow, provides a colorful backdrop for an impromptu wedding shoot. “This wonderful place is the Jewish district,” Your Shot contributor G. Dzhevelieva says. “It keeps so much paint and history between the streets. Nowadays it’s the most interesting art place in Poland.”
Bradley Wiggins wins time trial at Tour of Poland
Sir Bradley Wiggins signalled a return to form with a hugely impressive win in the 37km time trial at the Tour of Poland.
The Brit, who won the Tour de France and Olympic time trial in 2012, recorded a time of 46 minutes and 36 seconds.
He smashed his nearest rival Fabian Cancellara, a four-time world time trial champion, by 56 seconds.
It was the final stage of the week-long race.
The Tour of Poland, now in its 70th year, had been the Team Sky rider’s first competitive action since he withdrew part way through the Giro d’Italia in May.
He was unable to defend his Tour de France title, won by Team Sky’s Chris Froome, because of a knee injury but his performance in his specialist discipline showed he was back to his best on an undulating course as he recorded his first win of the 2013 season.
“It was a fantastic performance,” said Team Sky sports director Dan Hunt. “It was a real lesson in how to time trial. We went out this morning and researched the course and it was obvious that it suited Brad.
“The climbs suited him, the descents suited him and then it was a flying, rolling run-in into Krakow. He absolutely smashed it.”
Wiggins is next due to compete in the Eneco Tour in Holland, from 12-18 August. He will then race in the Tour of Britain (15-22 September) with his main focus being the individual time trial at the Road World Championships on 25 September, which are being held in Florence in Italy.
In Poland he was performing mainly domestique duties for Team Sky team-mate Sergio Henao, who was third last year, but finished fifth after the seven stages this time around.
The Netherlands’ Pieter Weening, of Orica Greenedge, was the overall winner after a superb time trial. He was 27 seconds behind leader Christophe Riblon before the start of the final stage but overhauled that deficit to win by 13 seconds.
Results of stage seven from Wieliczka to Krakow, 37 km
1. Bradley Wiggins (Britain / Team Sky) 46:36″
2. Fabian Cancellara (Switzerland / RadioShack) +56″
3. Taylor Phinney (U.S. / BMC Racing) +1:14″
On July 30, 1941, seventy two years ago, a rumour spread through cell block of 14 of the Nazi concentration camp in Auschwitz, Poland, that someone had escaped. The prisoners knew what that meant and were terrified with anxiety over what would happen to them as a result.
At six o’clock that evening they were all lined up at attention while the commandant of the camp scrutinized them one by one without saying a word, but they all knew what he would likely do to retaliate and punish.
The next morning they were again assembled and told that the fugitive had not been discovered so ten of them would have to die in the starvation bunker. They were then dismissed except those in cell block 14.
After a brutal day standing in the blazing sun the selection of the 10 innocent men condemned to die began. The commandant again walked the lines and stopped suddenly before a trembling victim and pointed at him the finger of death with the order to step forward and march to the under ground bunker to die of hunger and thirst.
At one point in this gruesome process the victim of random choice cried out: “I have a wife and children whom I love dearly. I am leaving them orphans.” His name was Francis Gajowniczek. Then the unexpected happened . One of the other prisoners broke ranks,, came forward, dared to kiss commandant’s hand and said: “I want to die in the place of the condemned.” And who are you the commandant demanded: “I am Maximilian Kolbe. I am a Catholic priest, a Franciscan Friar.”
This whole sad story came to an end two weeks later when only four survivors remained in the cell now needed for others. They were injected with carbolic and died on August 14, 1941.One of them was Maximilian Kolbe. Now St. Maximilian Kolbe, a martyr of charity.
This is the testimony that Fancis Gajownicezk gave some thirty years later to the heroic virtue of his savior, Fr. Maximilian Kolbe: “At that moment it was hard for me to realize the immensity of what had happen-ed to me. I, the condemned, was to live on because someone else willing ly offered his life for me. Was it a dream or a reality? Among my companions in shared adversity in Auschwitz there was unanimous wonder and astonishment at the heroic sacrifice of his life for me on the part of this priest. His consistent love for those around him was extraordinary, but the most splendid confirmation of his heroic love came at the end, when he offered his life for me, almost a total stranger to him.”
Sir Bradley Wiggins will make his comeback in the saddle in this months Tour De Pologne.
Wiggins has endured a frustrating 2013 which has left question marks over whether he will race in the Tour De France again.
He targeted the Giro d’Italia only to withdraw early in the race suffering from a chest infection, and a subsequent knee injury then hampered his recovery and ended his hopes of being ready for the Tour.
Wiggins will return to action in the Tour of Poland later this month with one eye on the world championship time trial in Florence in September.
“He’s very, very motivated and in great shape now, going into Poland, and then on to the individual time trial at the worlds.”
The tour will be in Krakow on 30th July, and then to Katowice on the 31st, and finally Wieliczka to Krakow on 3rd of August.
All the details available HERE
The beautiful story of Jerzy Bielcki and Cyla Cybulska, whose love bested the Nazis, but couldn’t defeat time.
The day was July 21, 1944. Bielecki was walking in broad daylight down a pathway at Auschwitz, wearing a stolen SS uniform with his Jewish sweetheart Cyla Cybulska by his side.
His knees buckling with fear, he tried to keep a stern bearing on the long stretch of gravel to the sentry post.
The German guard frowned at his forged pass and eyed the two for a period that seemed like an eternity – then uttered the miraculous words: Ja, danke – yes, thank you – and let Jerzy and Cyla out of the death camp and into freedom.
It was a common saying among Auschwitz inmates that the only way out was through the crematorium chimneys. These were among the few ever to escape through the side door.
The 23-year-old Bielecki used his relatively privileged position as a German-speaking Catholic Pole to orchestrate the daring rescue of his Jewish girlfriend who was doomed to die.
It was great love, Bielecki, now 89, recalled in an interview at his home in this small southern town 55 miles (85 kilometers) from Auschwitz.
We were making plans that we would get married and would live together forever.
Bielecki was 19 when the Germans seized him on the false suspicion he was a resistance fighter, and brought to the camp in April 1940 in the first transport of inmates, all Poles.
He was given number 243 and was sent to work in warehouses, where occasional access to additional food offered some chance of survival.
It was two years before the first mass transports of Jews started arriving in
1942. Most of the Jews were taken straight to the gas chambers of neighboring Birkenau, while a few were designated to be forced laborers amid horrific conditions, allowing them to postpone death.
In September 1943 Bielecki was assigned to a grain storage warehouse. Another inmate was showing him around when suddenly a door opened and a group of girls walked in.
It seemed to me that one of them, a pretty dark-haired one, winked at me, Bielecki said with a broad smile as he recalled the scene. It was Cyla – who had just been assigned to repair grain sacks.
Their friendship grew into love, as the warehouse offered brief chances for more face-to-face meetings.
In a report she wrote for the Auschwitz memorial in 1983, Cybulska recalled that during the meetings they told each other their life stories and every meeting was a truly important event for both of us.
Cybulska, her parents, two brothers and a younger sister were rounded up in January 1943 in the Lomza ghetto in northern Poland and taken to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Her parents and sister were immediately killed in the gas chambers, but she and her brothers were sent to work.
By September, 22-year-old Cybulska was the only one left alive, with inmate number 29558 tattooed on her left forearm.
As their love blossomed, Bielecki began working on the daring plan for escape.
From a fellow Polish inmate working at a uniform warehouse he secretly got a complete SS uniform and a pass. Using an eraser and a pencil, he changed the officer’s name in the pass from Rottenfuehrer Helmut Stehler to Steiner just in case the guard knew the real Stehler, and filled it in to say an inmate was being led out of the camp for police interrogation at a nearby station. He secured some food, a razor for himself and a sweater and boots for Cybulska.
He briefed her on his plan: “Tomorrow an SS-man will come to take you for an interrogation. The SS-man will be me.”
The next afternoon, Bielecki, dressed in the stolen uniform, came to the laundry barrack where Cybulska had been moved for work duty. Sweating with fear, he demanded the German supervisor release the woman.
Bielecki led her out of the barrack and onto a long path leading to a side gate guarded by the sleepy SS-man who let them go through.
The fear of being gunned down remained with him in his first steps of freedom: “I felt pain in my backbone, where I was expecting to be shot,” Bielecki said.
But when he eventually looked back, the guard was in his booth. They walked on to a road, then into fields where they hid in dense bushes until dark, when they started to march.
“Marching across fields and woods was very exhausting, especially for me, not used to such intensive walks,” Cybulska said in her report to Auschwitz as quoted in a Polish-language book Bielecki has written, He Who Saves One Life
“Far from any settlements, we had to cross rivers,” she wrote. “When water was high … Jurek carried me to the other side.”
At one point she was too tired to walk and asked him to leave her.
“Jurek did not want to hear that and kept repeating: ‘we fled together and will walk on together,’” she reported, referring to Jerzy by his Polish diminutive.
For nine nights they moved under the cover of darkness toward Bielecki’s uncle’s home in a village not far from Krakow.
His mother, who was living at the house, was overjoyed to see him alive, though wasted-away after four years at Auschwitz. A devout Catholic, however, she was dead-set against him marrying a Jewish girl.
“How will you live? How will you raise your children?” Bielecki recalls her asking.
To keep her away from possible Nazi patrols, Cybulska was hidden on a nearby farm. Bielecki decided to go into hiding in Krakow – a fateful choice they believed would improve their chances of avoiding capture by the Nazis. The couple spent their last night together under a pear tree in an orchard, saying their goodbyes and making plans to meet right after the war.
After the Soviet army rolled through Krakow in January 1945, Bielecki left the city where he had been hiding from Nazi pursuit and walked 25-miles (40-kilometers) along snow-covered roads to meet Cybulska at the farmhouse.
But he was four days too late.
Cybulska, not aware that the area where she had been hiding had been liberated three weeks before Krakow, gave up waiting for him, concluding her Juracek either was dead or had abandoned their plans.
She got on a train to Warsaw, planning to find an uncle in the United States. On the train she met a Jewish man, David Zacharowitz, and the two began a relationship and eventually married. They headed to Sweden, then to Cybulska’s uncle in New York, who helped them start a jewelry business. Zacharowitz died in 1975.
In Poland, Bielecki eventually started a family of his own and worked as the director of a school for car mechanics. He had no news of Cybulska and had no way of finding her.
In her report Cybulska said that she was haunted in the years after she left Poland by a wish to see her hometown and to find Jurek, if he was alive.
Sheer chance made her wish come true.
While talking to her Polish cleaning woman in 1982, Cybulska related her Auschwitz escape story.
The woman was stunned.
“I know the story, I saw a man on Polish TV saying he had led his Jewish girlfriend out of Auschwitz,” the cleaning lady told Cybulska, according to Bielecki.
She tracked down his phone number and one early morning in May 1983 the telephone rang in Bielecki’s apartment in Nowy Targ.
“I heard someone laughing – or crying – on the phone and then a female voice said ‘Juracku, this is me, your little Cyla,’” Bielecki recalls.
A few weeks later they met at Krakow airport. He brought 39 red roses, one for each year they spent apart. She visited him in Poland many times, and they jointly visited the Auschwitz memorial, the farmer family that hid her and many other places, staying together in hotels.
“The love started to come back,” Bielecki said.
“Cyla was telling me: ‘leave your wife, come with me to America,’” he recalls. “She cried a lot when I told her: ‘Look, I have such fine children, I have a son, how could I do that?’”
She returned to New York and wrote to him: “Jurek I will not come again,” Bielecki recalled.
They never met again and she did not reply to his letters.
Cybulska died a few years later in New York in 2002.
In 1985, the Yad Vashem Institute in Jerusalem awarded Bielecki the Righteous Among the Nations title for saving Cybulska. The institute’s website account of the escape and its aftermath is consistent with Bielecki’s account to The Associated Press.
“I was very much in love with Cyla, very much,” Bielecki said. “Sometimes I cried after the war, that she was not with me. I dreamed of her at night and woke up crying.”
Fate decided for us, but I would do the same again.
John Paul II could be declared a saint this year after a Vatican committee approved a second miracle attributed to the Polish pope’s intercession.
The Congregation for the Causes of Saints ruled an “inexplicable recovery” on 1 May 2011 was due to the late Pope’s intercession, Ansa reported.
Earlier that same day he had been beatified after a first miracle was attributed to his intervention.
Pope Francis must now give his approval before a canonisation date is set.
Canonisation is the final step in the official process that declares a deceased person to be a saint.
At a plenary meeting of the Congregation on Tuesday, cardinals and bishops mooted a canonisation ceremony taking place in December, sources told Ansa.
One possible date would be 8 December, on which Catholics celebrate the feast of the Immaculate Conception, which this year falls on a Sunday.
John Paul II could be canonised at the same time as John XXIII, Vatican sources suggested. Venerated by Catholics as “the good pope”, John XXIII was elected in 1958 and convened the Second Vatican Council in 1962, but died the following year before it was finished.
Canonisation requires the attribution of one further miracle to the intercession of the candidate after they have been beatified.
The Vatican has not revealed details about the second miracle in John Paul II’s case.
It was reportedly deemed an “inexplicable recovery” by a panel of doctors before being approved last month by a board of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints’ theologians.
John Paul II died in 2005 aged 84 and was beatified by his successor Benedict XVI in May 2011.
Among a crowd hundreds of thousands strong on St Peter’s Square was French nun Marie Simon-Pierre, who says she was cured of Parkinson’s Disease after praying for the intervention of the late pope little more than a month after he died.
Some questioned the Church’s speed in beatifying John Paul II just six years after his death.
Although widely regarded as one of the great popes of modern times, his 26-year pontificate was tarnished by his handling of the clerical sex abuse scandal that has rocked the global Church.
Critics say other of the Church’s deep-seated problems – such as its dysfunctional management and financial scandals at the Vatican bank – stem from shortcomings of his pontificate.
John Paul II reformed the sainthood process in 1983, making it faster, simpler, and cheaper. The office of “Devil’s advocate” – an official whose job was to try to knock down the case for sainthood – was eliminated, and the required number of miracles was dropped.
The idea was to lift up contemporary role models of holiness in order to convince a jaded secular world that sanctity is alive in the here and now, says veteran Vatican analyst John Allen.
The result was that John Paul II beatified and canonised more people than all previous popes combined.
The British star rocked the crowd with classics from his time with group The Police as well as later solo hits.
Fans sang along to radio favourites such as “Roxanne”, “Every little thing she does is magic” and of course “Every breath you take.”
The festival was first staged at Oswiecim’s MOSiR Stadium in 2010, thanks to Darek Maciborek, a journalist who had grown up in the town.
His aim was “to break the spell” over the area, by providing a positive event aimed at cultivating tolerance in a place synonymous with Nazi German racism.
Previous guests have included Peter Gabriel and James Blunt.
June 20: A Polish Boy Scout led the most audacious escape from the Auschwitz death camp on this day in 1942 – after stealing SS uniforms, guns and a top-ranking Nazi’s car.
Kazimierz Piechowski and three other inmates dressed as a transport crew to leave the inner high-security zone marked by the notorious ‘Arbeit Macht Frei’ gate – German for ‘work makes you free’.
After walking beneath the sinister, wrought iron message the non-Jewish group of four ditched the cart they had stolen and split up.
Piechowski and two fellow Poles – priest Jozef Lempart and army officer Stanislaw Jaster – went to the warehouse where uniforms and weapons were stored.
They entered via a coal bunker that Piechowski, then aged 22, had ensured would open by unscrewing the latch during a forced labour assignment days earlier.
Inside, they dressed as SS-Totenkopfverbände – or ‘Death’s-Head Unit’ – guards and armed themselves with four machine-guns and eight grenades.
Meanwhile, fellow ecapee Eugeniusz Bendera, a Ukrainain mechanic, went to the motorpool and stole SS Hauptsturmführer Paul Kreuzmann’s Steyr 220 saloon car.
Piechowski – who wore the uniform of an SS Untersturmführer, or second lieutenant – sat in the front passenger seat as Bendera drove to the main exit.
The group of political prisoners, who had forged papers, panicked when the guards manning the gate didn’t instantly raise the barrier.
But Piechowski, the only member who spoke good German, calmly leant out the window and screamed: “Wake up, you buggers! Open up or I’ll open you up!”
The terrified guards scrambled to raise the barrier, allowing the prisoners to escape and prompting all future inmates to have a number tattooed on their arms.
The four men all survived the war, except Jaster, who is thought to have been killed by the Gestapo after helping to free 49 prisoners on a train to Auschwitz in May 1943.
He was one of 4.9million Poles – of whom 3million were Jewish – killed during the occupation of Poland, where Auschwitz and five other deaths camps were located.
Piechowski, whose membership of the banned Boy Scout movement and bid to join the Free Polish forces led to his 1939 arrest, became a resistance fighter after fleeing.
In response to his escape, Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Höss ordered future inmates to have their prisoner number tattooed on their arms.
Ironically, his Home Army membership led to him being imprisoned for seven years after the war by Poland’s new communist rulers, who feared an insurgency.
Yet Piechowski, who today lives in Gdasnk, refused a bravery award following the end of communism in 1989 by humbly saying: “I do not feel this honour is owed me.”
KRAKOW TOURS: Volkswagen, Automaker, which used concentration camp prisoners as slave labor in its factories during the Holocaust, says work at site is an ‘important undertaking’ for staff.
Volkswagen said Tuesday it was donating $1.3 million to the Auschwitz International Youth Meeting Center.
The automaker made the announcement at a meeting at the company’s headquarters in Wolfsburg, Germany.
Volkswagen CEO Martin Winterkorn said in a statement that the money will be used for educational work and modernization of the facility.
He said Volkswagen has been involved with the center, an educational site located next to the Nazi death camp in Poland, for more than 20 years.
”The work on this site, which has become so deeply ingrained in the collective memory, has become for our employees an important undertaking,” Winterkorn said.
“These experiences shape us all. They have become a key element in our corporate culture. Above all, our donation expresses our gratitude for these experiences. ”
Volkswagen used concentration camp prisoners as slave labor in its factories during World War II. It has since contributed to a compensation fund for slave laborers.
The 30-year-old, who competed at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, has been a European bronze medallist on three previous occasions.
She completed the course in 92.01 seconds with no penalties, 1.18 secs ahead of Italy’s Stefanie Horn.
British pair David Florence and Richard Hounslow came ninth in the C2 final.
Florence and Hounslow won silver medals at the London Olympics but they picked up a two-second penalty at gate 21 which cost them.
The gold medallists in London, Tim Baillie and Etienne Stott, finished 19th in the heats and did not make the final.
OLYMPIC champions they may be, but Etienne Stott and Tim Baillie insist that counts for nothing as they return to international action this weekend for the first time since London 2012.
The canoe slalom C2 stars have competed in a series of races at Nottingham’s National Water Sports Centre and at the Olympic course in Lee Valley in the past few months.
But the European Championships in Poland mark the first time they will have squared off against many of the same canoe double pairings they saw off to win Olympic gold last August.
“Some people think that because we have won the Olympics anything other than a podium finish would be a huge disappointment for us, but the reality is quite different,” Baillie said.
“Don’t get me wrong, we’d love to medal (at the Europeans) and we will be doing our best to get up there, but there are a whole lot of fast crews with the potential to podium and it’s a very difficult sport to be consistent.
“Our greatest achievement at the Olympics was that we managed to break free from any perceived pressure or expectation and focused instead entirely on our performance and just trying to get our best effort down regardless of what anyone else did.
“For the race this weekend our approach will be identical; we’ll be preparing meticulously to try to execute our best performance and if we manage to do that in an uninhibited way we’ll be satisfied, It’d be great if that meant we had a good result as well.”
Stott echoed the thoughts of his whitewater rapids partner, adding: “Anyone who knows the sport of canoe slalom realises that it is unpredictable and therefore if it didn’t go well, it wouldn’t mean our reputation was ruined.
“The focus and process that we go through will be the same as for the Olympics; it’s just that the situation is a bit different, that’s just part of the challenge of sports and what I enjoy.”
Pending the event going ahead in Krakow as planned – with flooding problems at the course shifting the start of the Europeans back a day to tomorrow – the duo will also be looking to avenge a bad memory from five years ago.
They may have a European bronze medal to their name from the C2 discipline from when it was staged in Nottingham in 2009, but it was a very different situation for Stott and Baillie the year before.
At the 2008 European Championships, which was staged at the Krakow course they will compete on tomorrow, the pair managed only 16th and this meant they missed out on qualifying for the Beijing Olympics that year.
“This will only be the second race we have done there,” said Stott.
“In 2008, our performance was poor and led to us missing out on qualifying a place to the Beijing Games.
“So it doesn’t have loads of happy memories. But we are much improved as athletes now, and to me it seems like a totally different situation, a blank slate.
“The river is very tough, challenging and unforgiving, which suits our style to some degree, so I am excited to race and see how fast we can go.”
That bad memory was compounded for Baillie, who added: “Krakow hasn’t been especially kind to us. In 2008, the race was actually on my birthday.
“It’s a particularly painful memory because we completely failed to paddle up to our potential because we were too nervous and didn’t have the mental strategies to deal with it.
“Missing the Olympics was devastating for us at that point but looking back now it’s a bitter-sweet memory.
“In many ways that experience proved to be an important catalyst for our eventual success in London.
“It highlighted what we needed to improve and we spent the intervening four years working on our race-day composure and mental toughness.”
Training ahead of the event has not gone according to plan for the Nottingham-based pair, with the course in Krakow closed due to flooding much of this week due to heavy rain that has swelled the river levels.
But Stott says they feel in good shape, and said: “We have worked as hard as we can on the important parts of our training.
“Being the first race of the new Olympic cycle means everyone will be feeling out their form and that of the opposition, so we’ll just have to wait and see. But the way we are paddling and the way we feel physically is pretty good.
“It will come down to how we handle the race course on the race day.”
KRAKOW TOURS: Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu will visit Poland on June 13 for the opening of a new exhibition at the museum of the former Nazi German death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau, organizers said Monday.
In the works for four years, the exhibition will present “the murder at Auschwitz in the larger context of the Nazis systematic attempt to exterminate the Jewish people,” said curators at Yad Vashem Holocaust institute.
The “Shoah” display will be located in Block 27, the oldest part of the camp set up by Nazi Germany in the southern town of Oswiecim in occupied Poland.
The unveiling was originally due on May 9 but had to be pushed back because of Netanyahus schedule.
Around 1.1 million people, mostly Jews, were killed between 1940 and 1945 at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the most notorious of the death camps run by Nazi Germany.
A memoir written by one of the youngest Holocaust survivors on Oskar Schindler’s List has been acquired by UK publishers Simon and Schuster Children’s Books.
The memoir of Leon Leyson, entitled The Boy on the Wooden Box, follows the profoundly moving true story of his survival through the Holocaust and has been compared to the diary of Anne Frank. Leyson was just 10-years-old when the Germans invaded Poland and his family was forced to relocate to the Krakow ghetto. He began working in Schindler’s factory when he was 13.
Ingrid Selberg, a publisher at Simon and Schuster, commented on the memoir: “We are honoured to be publishing this very important book which chronicles one of history’s most significant and devastating events through the eyes of a child who was actually there. This is a book every child of nine and up should read alongside Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl.”
As a result of the heroic actions of Oskar Schindler, the lives of Leyson, his parents, and two of his four siblings were saved, although Leyson lost two brothers during the Holocaust. The rest of the family moved to Los Angeles three years after the war ended.
KRAKOW TOURS: Prince Philip is reported to have asked a highly qualified Polish research student in Cambridge if he had originally come to the UK “to pick raspberries”
The 92 year-old prince, husband to Queen Elizabeth II, made the remark when visiting the prestigious Medical Research Council’s Laboratory of Molecular Biology, where the structure of DNA was first discovered, Cambridge News reports.
Prince Philip may have become confused when meeting the Polish research student after hundreds of thousands of Poles migrated to the UK after joining the EU in 2004 – with many taking up temporary work such as fruit picking.
The gaffe-prone prince has developed a talent of putting his foot firmly in his mouth over the years, especially when making small talk with ethic minorities or on Royal trips abroad to exotic destinations.
“If you stay here much longer, you will go home with slitty eyes,” the prince said to 21-year-old British student Simon Kerby during a visit to China in 1986.
In 1995, when confronted by a Scottish driving instructor, Prince Philip, also known as the Duke of Edinburgh enquired: “How do you keep the natives off the booze long enough to pass the test?”
In 1967, when asked if he would like to visit the then Soviet Union, the prince said: “I would like to go to Russia very much – although the bastards murdered half my family.”
“And what exotic part of the world do you come from?” Prince Philip asked Conservative Party politician Lord Taylor of Warwick, whose parents are Jamaican, who replied: “I’m from Birmingham.”
And in 2000, the prince pontificated on the British class system: “People think there’s a rigid class system here, but dukes have even been known to marry chorus girls. Some have even married Americans,” he said.